Ask - is also called the offer; this is the price an investor would pay when buying the coin. An investor could wait or, alternatively, they can simply sell to a buyer who is sitting on the bid list.


Averaging Down or Averaging Up - is similar to scaling.


Bear or Bearish - refers to a weak market. This means traders think the price of coins or a specific coin will be going down. If they are bearish, they may sell their bullish positions or even take short positions.


Bid - refers to the price a market maker will pay for a coin; it's the price an investor would receive if selling the coin. An investor could wait or, alternatively, they can simply buy from a seller who is sitting on the ask list.


Bull or Bullish - refers to a strong market of coins moving up. This can even be used to reference a specific position the trader is taking. If they are bullish, they expect the coin to go up.


Cost Averaging - is a trading strategy investors use wherein positions are taken at regular intervals at equal amounts regardless of a coin’s market position. If this approach is employed, it provides a cost average that helps balance out the ups and downs that may have been occurring through the year.


Crossed Market - refers to a temporary situation where bid prices associated with a particular coin is higher than the asking price.


Cryptocurrency - is a digital currency that utilizes cryptography for security and can be sent from one person to another anywhere around the world.


Day Order - all orders are considered day orders unless marked otherwise.


Day Trading - is defined as the simple act of buying shares of a coin with the intention of selling them on the same day.


Fibonacci Retracement - refers to pre-computed support or resistance levels that follow the Fibonacci formula.


Initial Public Offering (ICO) - is when a company launches a coin and sells a fixed number of shares onto the open market to raise money. This could be, for example, 10 million coins out of a planned 100 million limited coin supply. If those shares are priced at $10/share, they will raise $100 million from the ICO.


Limit Orders - is the most you are willing to pay for a coin.


MACD - Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) is an oscillating indicator. This measures the distance between moving averages.


Makers - generally try to buy at the current best bid or sell at the current best offer, i.e., they are making a market that is reflected in the current last price.


Market Cap - is a measurement used to classify a coin’s size and is based on the market value of the total shares outstanding.


Market Trend - represents the general direction in a market or a coin over a given period time, which can last from a couple days to many months or years.


Price Average - is the average price of the coin that you paid.


Profit/Loss Ratio - is a measure of the ability of a particular trading system to generate profit instead of loss and is based on a percentage basis.


Pump and Dump - is an investment scheme where untrue statements are made public about a coin with the purpose of artificially increasing the coin price.


Relative Volume - shows how much volume a coin has compared to its average volume for the same period.


Resistance Level - is the price level at which selling of a coin is deemed strong enough to eliminate the increase in price.


Return on Investment (ROI) - refers to a metric that measures profit or loss generated by an investment in relation to the invested funds.


Scaling In or Scaling Out - is a trading method where a trader buys a partial position then adds a second (usually of equal size) position shortly thereafter.


Slippage - is the result of fast moving and volatile markets. Usually represented by the difference in the price you thought you would buy a coin to how much the order executed.


Spread - the difference between the bid and the ask price; the spread provides compensation to the market maker.


Stop Orders - is an order to buy or sell a security when its price moves past a particular point, ensuring a higher probability of achieving a predetermined entry or exit price, limiting the investor's loss or locking in a profit.


Support Level - is the price level whereby demand of a coin is strong enough that it prevents the decline in price past it.


Takers - are less concerned with executing at the best bid or offer. Instead, they seek liquidity and immediacy, which is enhanced by the constant availability of a tight bid/ask spread created by the market makers.


Thick Market - is a coin crowded with traders.


Thin Market - means not many traders actively trade a particular coin.


Volatility - is a measure of the coin’s stability and is usually calculated as the standard deviation derived over a given period of time.


Volume - is a measure of the number of coins traded.